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There is no single, universally accepted definition of terrorism. Section 0.85)The FBI further describes terrorism as either domestic or international, depending on the origin, base, and objectives of the terrorist organization. Reference to individual members of any political, ethnic, or religious group in this report is not meant to imply that all members of that group are terrorists. and other interests in late 1999 during the millennial time frame, the Al-Qaeda terrorist network carried out two separate attacks against the United States in 20. The attack of September 11 represented the first successful act of international terrorism carried out in the United States since the bombing of the World Trade Center in February 1993. On October 7, 2001, the United States initiated military action against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, which had provided safe-haven to Al-Qaeda leader Usama bin Laden and his followers since 1996. Domestic terrorist groups continued to plan and commit terrorist activity in 20.
Terrorism is defined in the Code of Federal Regulations as “..unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.” (28 C. For the purpose of this report, the FBI uses the following definitions of terrorism:l Domestic terrorism refers to activities that involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any state; appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; to influence the policy of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States. Terrorists represent a small criminal minority in any larger social context. In response to the September 11 attack, the FBI launched the largest terrorism investigation ever conducted, working in close cooperation with other U. In keeping with a longstanding trend, in fact, domestic extremists carried out the majority of terrorist incidents in both years.
For such a comprehensive overview of global terrorism issues, see the report Patterns of Global Terrorism, published annually by the U. The FBI hopes you find Terrorism 2000/2001 to be a helpful resource, and thanks you for your interest in the FBI’s Counterterrorism Program.
A full-text and graphics version of this issue, as well as recent back issues of Terrorism in the United States, is available for on-line reference at the FBI’s home page at gov.
While this expanded focus is intended to provide a more complete overview of FBI terrorism investigations into acts involving U. interests around the world, Terrorism is not intended as a comprehensive annual review of worldwide terrorist activity. This inaugural issue of Terrorism provides annual overviews for the years 20.On March 16, 2000, the North American Animal Liberation Front Press Office released a communique stating that a cell of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), a terrorist animal rights movement, claimed responsibility for the fires.A similar act of attempted arson had been claimed by the ALF against the Rancho Veal Corporation in February 1997.This inaugural edition of Terrorism highlights significant terrorism-related events occurring in the United States, as well as selected FBI investigative efforts overseas.Additionally, this report provides a wide range of statistical data relating to terrorism in the United States during the past two decades.